Causes of International War
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The realization that at any point in time any state can resort to armed force, forces each state always be prepared for that contingency. These themes are fleshed out more fully in Theory of International Politics which, as the title suggests, lays out a theory for international politics as a whole rather than the narrower focus on what causes war. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kenneth N. Columbia University. Retrieved 25 April International relations theory.
Idealism Democratic peace theory Republican liberalism Institutionalism Neoliberalism Interdependence liberalism Sociological liberalism Institutional liberalism. Modern constructivism Post-modern constructivism Feminist constructivism. Neo-Gramscianism Critical security studies Critical theory World-systems theory. International ethics Historical sociology Regime theory State cartel theory Geopolitics. Fearon, J D Why do some civil wars last so much longer than others?.
Fearon, J and Laitin, D Ethnicity, insurgency and civil war. Fithen, C Freedom House Washington D. France ICC probe post election violence in Ivory Coast.
The Causes of War
France 24, August 17 Available at www. Gilmour, J G Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 14 2. The regional crisis and human rights abuses in West Africa: A briefing paper to the U.
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New York: IPI. April 27 Isma, R Zaria, Nigeria: Amadu Bello University. Jones, K West African women unite: The inclusion of women in peace processes. Undergraduate Transitional Justice Review 1 2 : Kargbo, J A Effect of the civil war and the role of Librarian in post-war reconstruction in Sierra Leone.
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Causes of armed conflict - Irénées
International Journal on World Peace 1. Keili, F L Small arms and light weapons transfer in West Africa: a stock taking. Disarmament Forum 4. Kwaja, C Confronting the challenges of small arms and light weapons. West Africa Insight ,. Preliminary Findings and Recommendations. Mayer, B S San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. McSherry, B Political economy of oil in Equatorial Guinea. African Studies Quarterly 8 3. Obi, C Conflict and peace in West Africa. Ogwang, T Olonisakin, F Onwuka, O Africa Peace and Conflict Journal 2 1. Ping, J Pan-African News Wire , April 25 Armed conflict: Sierra Leone — Richards, P Taylor, M Mali: dragging the West back in to the war on terror, African Arguments.
London: Royal African Society. Available at www. The Trial of Charles Taylor.
Charles Taylor Trial Report. Emerging security threats in West Africa. New York: United Nations. UN Togo. Country Report on Human Rights Practices Talking Peace: A population-based survey on attitudes about security, dispute resolution, and post-conflict reconstruction in Liberia. Root causes of conflict in Guinea-Bissau: The voices of the people. WANEP Walker, A What is Boko Haram?
Zounmenou, D and Okeke, J M The challenge of ending political violence in Guinea-Bissau. Annan, N. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development , 3 1 , p. Annan N. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development. Annan, Nancy.
Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 3, no. Annan, N.. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development , vol. Start Submission Become a Reviewer. How to Cite: Annan, N. Published on 28 Jan Peer Reviewed. CC BY 4. Introduction The transformation from inter-state to intra-state conflict from the latter part of the 20 th Century in West Africa brought a number of its economies to near collapse. Conceptualizing Conflicts and War Ending in West Africa The conceptualization of conflicts and war ending is dynamic and constantly evolving particularly in the post-cold war era.
Violent Conflicts and Civil Strife in West Africa West Africa has been grappling with violent conflicts and civil strife for decades, however, the periods between the s and the s leading to the new millennium presented more violent and protracted conflicts which destabilized many of its economies Aning and Bah ; UNSC Report Causes of Conflicts in West Africa The root of violent conflicts and civil strife in West Africa is linked to several complex factors.
His remarks came just weeks after U. Both sets of remarks received widespread news coverage. But neither the Prince of Wales nor Sanders was breaking new ground. They were each echoing a refrain that has wound its way through op-eds and magazine articles , and books with titles like Climate Wars. To be clear: Global warming is indeed a very real and present danger. How did the issue of climate change come to be so securitized? Diminishing food security, environmental refugees, political instability, and resource conflicts were only some of the prognosticated effects of climate change that would compel government strategists to turn militaristic.
Since then, the militarization of climate discourse has proceeded apace.
That same year the U. The ease with which this straightforward connection between climate and war has infiltrated the national security establishment is troubling. They deliver, with alluring simplicity, naturalistic accounts of warfare with a specificity that gives them vividness and power.
For the new nation, it brought a sense of moral relief to be told that slavery and the bloody conflict between the states followed a script written in the main by climate. But similar ethical echoes linger.
The dangerous ethical implications of letting humans off the hook for their conflicts.
When we shift the blame for violence to the weather and treat human struggle as simply a state of nature, we reduce the complexity of warfare to a single dimension. We also absolve the agents of conflict of moral responsibility for their actions.
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For one, a focus on environmentally related violence masks other forms of social and political struggle. Climate reductionism facilitates the sense that war in the developing world can be readily depoliticized and naturalized by pushing factors like local culture and social relations to the sidelines.
It provides a ready excuse to leave these issues unaddressed. There are some who have started to push back against this ubiquitous climate reductionist impulse.